Public Opinion Poll
carried out by IMAS Inc
the Institute for Public Policy
Barometer of Public Opinion Final report (.ppt, 1.92MB)
In 1998, Soros Foundation Moldova launched a public opinion research program - Barometer of Public Opinion - with a view to promote correct and transparent mechanisms of social-political and economic life reflection and to ensure access to information for the civil society. In the framework of this program, five polls have been carried out up to now, the latest - in November, 2001. Researches were focused on the following issues: political options, rating of main political leaders and political parties, living standards and life quality, economical and social Government policy, other issues of major interest.
Taking into consideration the impact and the importance of such researches, the Institute for Public Policy organized in March-April, 2002, a new public opinion poll, carried out by IMAS-Inc - Chisinau, a Moldavian research agency whose the only stockholder is IMAS S.A. from Romania.
The program Barometer of Public Opinion - 2002 is supervised by a Jury formed by Dr. Arcadie Barbarosie, Executive Director of the Institute for Public Policy (President), PhD. Ludmila Malcoci, PhD. Victor Moraru, Dr. Constantin Marin, Dr. Ala Belostecinic, Dr. Ion Stanciu. The program coordonator is Dr. Viorel Cibotaru. The correctness of the poll implementation in the field was verified by CAISPP CIVIS.
The poll was carried out on March, 20-31, 2002 on a sample of 1149 persons from 70 localities, representative for the adult population of the Republic of Moldova (excluding the region from the left bank of the Nistru). The error limit is ±3%.
The population is generally not content with its life: 81% of the respondents said they are not content with the way they live, while 84% declared the income of their family allows them just the essential. On the other hand, only 20% of the respondents stated they live worse now than last year, while 31% said their life improved. The fact that the proportion of people who are not content is smaller in comparison with the previous poll, confirms that the population is generally not content but the degree of dissatisfaction is smaller as compared with the recent past.
The mood is generally balanced, 53% of the sample consider the direction our country is moving to is wrong, while 39% appreciate this direction. Only 20% of respondents are not content with the way they live and 45% hope to live better next year. Still, 52% of the population would leave the country ( either for ever or for a while) - an option expressed by 82% of young people aged 18-29.
The media which influence on the population to the greatest extent are the television and the radio ( 72% and, respectively, 50% of the population use them daily). The national Moldavian television enjoys the greatest trust (50 % - full trust), followed by the Russian television channels (48%) , the national radio (43%) and the governmental press ( 41%).
Among State institutions, the President enjoys the greatest trust ( 65% of the respondents declared they trust in it much and very much ). The other State institutions ( the army, the government, the parliament, the courts, the police) obtained a higher trust in comparison with the previous polls. Among the civil society institutions, most trust is given to the church (80%), but the media ( generally) enjoys less trust (48% now and 58% at the previous poll).
In what concerns the political personalities, the number of respondents who trust is higher than the number of those who do not trust in the President ( 69% - 17%) and in the Prime Minister (46% - 38%). For the other personalities from the list, the degree of trust is negative. The highest percentage is given to Serafim Urecheanu (38%), Eugenia Ostapciuc (32%) and Dumitru Braghis (26%). The trust in the present State authorities is expressed by the fact that 55% of the sample consider that the present government rules the country better than the previous one. Nevertheless, being asked if they are content with what the authorities do in various fields, the respondents express dissatisfaction ( 88% of them are not content or are not so much content with what is done in the field of public health , 86% - in the field of salaries, 85% - in the field of living standards, 83% - in the field of employment).
The options of the population concerning the way to elect the Parliament differ: 30% prefer the party lists and 53% - the nominative vote. 84% of the electors would like to elect the President by direct vote ( this proportion constituted 80% two years ago, before approving the indirect voting).
The political parties enjoy little trust of the population. The question " Which political party is able to contribute to overcoming the crisis?", was answered by almost half of the respondents - none (20%) and (29%) could not answer at all . If elections had to be organized the following Sunday, 31% of the electors would not vote or do not know whom to vote for. In these conditions, the options are focussed on the party ruling today (73%) and only one party more is a real contestant ( the second position is given to the Popular Christian-Democratic Party- 6% of the options). 69% of the respondents consider as optimal for Moldova to have only one party.
The options regarding the directions for international integration of the Republic of Moldova are relatively balanced: 41% prefer the NIS Community and 40% prefer the EU. Most of respondents (71%) think the Republic of Moldova needs loans from the World Bank and the IMF.
Moldavian/Romanian language is spoken within the family by 75% of respondents, being known by 91% of the population; Russian language is spoken within the family by 26% and is known by 93%. Concerning the present political events , the opinion prevails that in non-Russian schools, Russian language should be studied optionally, like all other foreign languages ( 65% of the total sample, 58% of Russian respondents). On the other hand, the proportions of respondents who plead for one official language or for two are equal (46%). 46% of the sample think there is an interference in the internal affairs of the Republic of Moldova from the side of Romania, while 39% think the same about Russia.
As the detailed report shows, the answers differ considerably depending on the living environment, age, ethnic origin, social status.